Who Invented the Penny Farthing Bicycle?




old penny farthing parked on street pavement in sunlight

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One of the most popular and well-known bicycles in history is the penny farthing. It was invented in 1850 by James Starley and Joff Summerfield. There were many issues with the bicycle at that time. Here are a few of them.

James Starley

The penny farthing bicycle was invented by British engineer James Starley in 1871. It has a simple tubular frame and rubber tires. The front wheel is unusually large. Although it was smoother than other bicycles, it could be dangerous if suddenly stopped.

Penny farthing bikes were made to be faster than regular cycles. Initially, they had a large front wheel that was attached to pedals, and a small rear wheel. This meant that they were unwieldy to ride. They were tall enough to require a person to lean over the handlebars when descending steep hills.

Many bicycle designs followed the boneshaker. These included the Coventry, Rover, and the Ariel.

who invented the penny farthing bicycle

In the 1920s, men used penny farthing bicycles. They were very popular in the early 20th century, and are still in use today. Originally, the design was based on wooden wheel velocipedes, but it was adapted to make it safer for riders.

Starley’s inventions led to his own bicycle manufacturing. He was known as the father of the bicycle industry.

Joff Summerfield

A penny farthing is a bicycle with a large front wheel, small rear wheel and one gear. It was a very popular bicycle in the 1870s, 1880s. It was also featured on a cult TV series, the Prisoner.

Mr Summerfield, a British engineer, decided to see the world by bike. He spent two and a half years riding on his penny-farthing around the globe. In fact, he traveled to 23 countries on four continents, including a stopover in Antarctica.

He was also the second person to complete a global circumnavigation using a penny-farthing. His ride had some flaws. He had to stop his 2003 ride after sustaining an abscess. He still managed to cycle 4,800 km.

The Penny-Farting World Tour was a success, and Joff has since made it to the Americas and back. Throughout his journey, he has covered thousands of miles and ridden in 22 countries, including France, Canada, and the United States.


One of the earliest examples for cycling is the penny farthing bicycle. Eugene Meyer invented them in 1869. His idea was to create an efficient bicycle that would run faster. In his bicycle, he replaced the velocipedes’ three or four wheels with two.

Penny farthings came after the Velocipede, which was a bulky, difficult-to-maneuver bicycle that had three or four wheels. In the 1870s and 1880s, the penny farthing was a very popular bicycle.

It was popular because of its large front wheel, which was intended to increase speed. It was also comfortable to ride. With a big front wheel, the bicycle could roll over potholes.

The penny farthing was also popular in urban environments. The penny farthing was easier to drive on rough surfaces than a velocipede.

The penny farthing had a problem. The bicycle was unstable. Often, the rear wheel went under the rider’s crotch. This made it difficult to mount and dismount.


One of the earliest bicycle designs was the penny farthing. It was popular in the 1870s and 1880s. They were dangerous to ride. They often caused fatal injuries.

This bike has a large front wheel, which allows for fast speeds. Their center of gravity is high, making it easy to fall over. This, combined with the fact they didn’t have brakes, made them very dangerous.

In the early years, Penny Farthing riders were mostly wealthy young men. While they could drive them on flat ground, they were unable to mount them on uneven surfaces. Many cyclists were involved in crashes as a result.

Although the penny farthing’s front was designed to withstand a fall, it can lose its stability easily if there is an obstacle. If a rider is hit head first, he can be crushed, or even killed.

The design of the penny farthing was considered dangerous because of its large front wheel. Many people were injured when they fell off the bike. This led to the creation of the safety bike.

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