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Another City is Possible: Cars and Climate



Automobiles play a significant role in accelerating climate change. In the United States, the transportation sector is responsible for almost a third of all emissions of greenhouse gases. Despite an increase in the number of electric vehicles on the roads, they constitute less than 2 percent of the total vehicle population. However, the encouraging aspect is that there are strategies we can employ to lessen our reliance on automobiles and contribute to the fight against climate change. A key approach is to encourage the use of public transit and biking.

We can significantly reduce emissions by encouraging people to take the bus or train instead of driving. We can also encourage walking and biking by investing in infrastructures like sidewalks and bike lanes. And finally, we can work to make our cities more compact and walkable, so that people don’t have to rely on cars as much. By making these changes, we can create a more sustainable future for our cities and for our planet.

The Concept of Climate Has Changed
The Concept of Climate Has Changed

Amory Lovins’ carbon-fiber hypercars could run on clean, green unicorn farts, and they’d still be a sustainability disaster. The real problems that come from cars are the land-use patterns they demand, and the fact that streets and cities built for cars are intrinsically hostile to human beings. In combination, sprawling, low-density land use, and unlivable, dangerous streets functionally preclude the use of transit, walking, and biking as mainstream transportation options. In a city built for cars, you have no choice but to drive.

Tailpipe emissions are just the tip of the iceberg — the vast majority of the sustainability problems that cars create have nothing to do with what fuel they use, or how efficiently they use it. The land-use patterns they demand are unsustainable, and streets and cities built for cars are unsafe and unsuitable for human habitation. We need to rethink our relationship with cars and build sustainable cities that are livable for all.

Complimentary Parking Is Not Free

Whenever you see a “free parking” sign, you probably think you’ve hit the jackpot. After all, who doesn’t love free stuff? But the truth is, there’s no such thing as free parking.

Someone always has to pay for it, whether it’s the businesses who build and maintain parking lots or the taxpayers who subsidize public parking. And that’s not even taking into account the hidden costs of car ownership, like insurance, gas, and repairs. In reality, parking is far from free. So next time you see a “free parking” sign, remember that nothing in life is truly free. There’s always a catch.


Zane rides her bike because she loves it, but also because she is mindful of the need to leave a better world for her children.

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Another City is Possible – Cars and Climate




back view of a man wearing a black blazer and a cap walking on sidewalk

In this article, we explore the hidden expenses associated with widespread automobile use, various options to owning a car, and the innovative strategies coming out of the American Cities Climate Challenge. We also delve into the shift towards sustainable transportation. These approaches are transforming our perception of what the future of urban areas might look like.

Indirect costs of mass driving

Although they are often overlooked, indirect costs of mass driving in another place can be significant. INRIX, a transport data company, recently measured the economic impact on traffic delays in five millions miles of roadways in 1,360 countries. The researchers converted the traffic-slowdown data to dollar figures to calculate the direct and indirect costs of mass driving. These costs include fuel and consumer prices, time wasted, and elevated shipping costs.

Another City is Possible Cars and Climate

Transitions for sustainable mobility

The physical restrictions that limit mobility are often ignored in the literature about transitions to other cities. Instead, transitions are typically conceptualised as a matter of infrastructure, or as a set of scales within a multi-scale framework. This approach is however inherently limited. In cities where open space is scarce and finite, it must be reconceived as a resource, with both overlapping and competing space claims.

Sustainable transitions require the convergence of MAT, INF and SEF. While different transition processes may overlap, each of these components has their own unique characteristics. These components often work together to create a sustainable mobility solution. The SEF component is an integral part of the overall plan, regardless of whether it is based on alternative solutions and infrastructure.

This work is a result of a collaborative effort from four authors. BP suggested the original concept as part her doctoral research. GV and AW created the mobility and urban planning perspectives, and aligned their proposal with existing transitions research. AW provided the methodology, while GV and BP conducted interviews and consolidated the research into the first and second submissions.

Cities drive their transformation processes and development levels differently, and the strategies they use depend on their own specific conditions and cultural backgrounds. For example, the level of wealth among its citizens can be a determining factor in mobility choices. More economically developed cities are more likely to invest in capital-intensive projects and initiatives, which can be a key factor in transitions to sustainable mobility.


ICLEI is an international network that promotes sustainable mobility. Their goals include developing integrated transport systems that reduce dependence on private automobiles and improve health. The organization promotes sustainable urban development and minimizes the environmental impact of freight transport.

Alternatives to car ownership

There are many options for alternative transportation besides owning a car. These include public transportation, biking, car sharing, ride share, car subscription services, and car rentals. However, not all of these options are practical. They can lead to insurance and safety risks. What are some alternatives to car ownership?

Renting a car can be a great alternative to owning a car. Depending on the situation, renting a car is a convenient and affordable way to acquire a vehicle. In addition, renting a car is a safe option for personal mobility. Although car sharing can be more expensive than car ownership it is cheaper and faster.

Alternatives to car ownership are becoming increasingly popular. The mobility landscape is changing thanks to new technology and on-demand services. This change is being driven by Gen Z and Millennials. Among them, 52 percent say that owning a vehicle has become too expensive. This generation spends more on transportation than the Baby Boomers and Gen Xers. Their average cost per mile is also much higher than their elders.

Public transport is an alternative to car ownership. Public transport has zero cost of ownership and does not require maintenance. Many towns and cities have well-developed public transportation networks. If you need to commute frequently, consider buying a monthly or weekly pass that allows you to use public transport for a specified amount of time. Some of these systems include busses, trams, and commuter rail.


Solutions emerge from the American Cities Climate Challenge

The American Cities Climate Challenge is an accelerator program that brought together 25 cities to develop innovative solutions to climate change. Funded by Bloomberg Philanthropies, the program aims to speed up cities’ ability to address climate change on a global scale. Cities are taking various actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, improve their public health, and create equitable communities through its support.

The American Cities Climate Challenge seeks to empower the nation’s most ambitious and populous cities to scale up and replicate solutions already working in other cities. It provides city leaders with strong technical assistance and training and support for full-time city advisers. This challenge aims at demonstrating that cities can implement climate solutions in areas such as public transportation and buildings. Buildings and transportation are the two largest contributors to carbon pollution in cities.

Cities must support the Paris Agreement goals to be competitive in the Climate Challenge. The American Cities Climate Challenge grants to cities that pledge to improve their energy efficiency. San Antonio, Denver, and Portland, for example, will be focusing on expanding public transit and bike routes. In addition, cities such as Austin are working on increasing their use of electric vehicles, and some will also improve building codes.

The Bloomberg American Cities Climate Challenge provides technical assistance and support to cities that are developing innovative climate solutions. The competition offers cities support packages up to $2.5million. Portland plans to use the funding to reduce climate change in transportation and encourage renewable energy use in the city. It will also help promote community-owned renewable energy projects and large solar arrays.

The future city of Heidelberg that is automobile-light

To reduce the city’s environmental impact, the mayor of Heidelberg is working to develop a automobile-light town by 2030. This means creating a network of bicycle superhighways and reducing the number of cars on the roads. The city also plans neighborhoods discouraging cars and encouraging walking and public transport. For example, residents who give up their car for one year are entitled to ride public transportation for free.


While the city isn’t a perfect automobile-free zone, it’s an excellent example of progress. The city’s mile-long pedestrian area is full of tourists and visitors. But Rail City, a new neighborhood built on top of an old rail freight yard, is the best example of its emission-free ambitions. This parcel was cleared from three unexploded World War II Bombs and is now a climate-neutral community.

Although the plan is a positive step, there are still many concerns. Traffic is a major problem, and can cause problems for pedestrians. There is no charging station in the underground garages for electric cars, and the paved promenade is too narrow, which can lead to conflicts between cyclists and pedestrians.

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Bicycles, Transit, and the Last Mile




In numerous urban areas, the final segment of a commute, typically referred to as the “last mile” – the stretch from public transportation stops to either home or the workplace – is frequently the most complicated and inefficient part of travel. This typically arises due to transit stations being situated on the outskirts of less densely populated neighborhoods that offer fewer destinations. Consequently, individuals usually find themselves having to either walk or cycle to get to their ultimate destination.

This can be time-consuming and inconvenient, especially if there is no safe place to store a bike. And yet, bikes can play an essential role in solving the last mile problem.

By providing a fast and convenient way to cover short distances, bikes can help people get where they need to go without using a car. In addition, bikes can be easily stored on transit vehicles or at home, making them a flexible and convenient option for the last mile. Bikes will likely play an essential role as cities continue to search for solutions to the last mile problem.

Bicycles, Transit, and the Last Mile

Public transportation is a vital part of the daily lives of many Americans. Whether they rely on buses, trains, or subways to get to work or school, transit agencies play a crucial role in keeping cities moving. However, one persistent problem has plagued transit agencies for years: the so-called “last mile.”

The last mile refers to the distance between a transit stop and a passenger’s final destination, and it can often be the most challenging leg of a journey. In lower-density communities, where convenient, high-frequency local feeder buses, light rail, and trolley lines are unlikely economically viable, the last mile can be a real challenge.


The most common solution is the Park-n-Ride—a huge surface lot or parking structure adjacent to a regional mass transit line.

While Park-n-Rides can provide a much-needed service for commuters, they are often underutilized and can take up valuable resources that could be used to improve other aspects of the transit system.

People Love Their Cars

People love their cars. They feel a sense of freedom and independence when they get behind the wheel. But car ownership has many responsibilities, including finding a parking place. In many cities, parking is in short supply and can be very expensive.

As a result, people often park their cars in residential neighborhoods or on busy streets, leading to congestion and frustration for residents. Even when free parking, it still takes up valuable space that could be used for other purposes.

In some cases, building new parking structures may even be necessary, which can be very costly. Clearly, the current car ownership model is not sustainable in the long term. We need to find a better way to manage our parking resources.


As transit agencies continue to grapple with the last mile problem, exploring all potential solutions, from ride-sharing programs to commuter shuttles, will be essential. The last mile problem can be solved with creativity and outside-the-box thinking.

Combining Bicycles and Transit

Bikes can play a significant role in solving the last mile problem for several reasons. First, they are a fast and convenient way to cover short distances. Second, bikes can be easily stored on transit vehicles or at home, making them a flexible and convenient option for the last mile. And third, bikes are an environmentally friendly option that can help reduce traffic and pollution.

Bikes will likely play an essential role as cities continue to search for solutions to the last mile problem. Bicycles offer a real solution to the last mile problem with speed, convenience, and flexibility.

According to an Oregon Transportation Research and Education Consortium study, “the cost per bicycle space at a park-and-ride facility ranges from $120 to $290, while the cost per car space at a park-and-ride facility ranges from $2,500 to over $10,000.” When the cost per bike parking space is only a couple hundred dollars as opposed to the thousands of dollars it costs to provide just one car parking space, it is clear that bicycles are much more economical in both dollars and space.

Combining Bicycles and Transit
Combining Bicycles and Transit

Bikes take up significantly less room than cars, so a given area can accommodate ten times as many bicycles as cars. This helps to alleviate some of the congestion often seen in parking lots. Park-and-ride facilities that cater to cyclists and transit riders also help solve the problem of getting to one’s final destination on the other end, as bicycles can be taken along on transit vehicles.

Though not all transit vehicles have the capacity to accommodate bicycles, this is still a feasible option for many people. Overall, combining bikes and transit instead of cars and transit has numerous benefits concerning cost, space, and convenience.


To determine the potential for creating Cycle-Transit-Users (CTUs) along a given transit line, various available data about the region must be analyzed (demographic, geographic, etc). The only transit agency that has collected data about how often bikes are loaded or unloaded from their buses is RTD in Denver/Boulder.

This data allowed for estimating the potential for increasing transit utilization by improving bike-sharing facilities in other communities.

However, this data may not accurately predict the potential for CTUs along a given transit line because other factors not considered could affect the outcome.

For example, if the community does not have a bike-friendly infrastructure, the potential for CTUs would be lower than predicted. To create an accurate metric, all factors that could potentially affect the formation of CTUs must be considered.

Out of the four possible bike/transit integration strategies, which one is most appealing to you? I was personally drawn to the Shared Bikes option. I think it would be convenient to have access to a bicycle at my final destination without worrying about bringing my bike with me or leaving it at a station. Plus, it would be great to know that a pool of bicycles is available for short-term use all over.

  1. Bike ON Transit  – take your bike with you to your final destination
  2. Bike TO Transit – A bike park-n-ride is a facility where you leave your bike while traveling.
  3. Two Bikes – You own two bicycles, one at your boarding station and the other at your final destination.
  4. Shared Bikes – Several bicycles are also available for short-term usage throughout the city.

While none of the options are perfect, the bike-on-transit option was the clear favorite among focus groups. This option has obvious capacity limitations, but it is easy to scale up if many transit customers want to use bikes.

Transit agencies that care about being on time are also sensitive to the additional idle time taken up by loading and unloading bikes. While this option isn’t perfect, it is the best.

People Love Their Bikes
People Love Their Bikes

Bike on Transit

Despite its clear advantages, the bike-on-transit option has several limitations that may prevent it from being widely adopted by transit agencies.

First, there is the issue of capacity. While a bus that carries 40 people and three bikes is manageable, this quickly becomes impractical if many transit customers want to use bicycles.

Second, transit agencies that place a high value on punctuality may be reluctant to adopt the bike-on-transit option due to the additional idle time required for loading and unloading bikes.

Finally, there is the question of cost. outfitting buses with racks and other cycling infrastructure can be expensive, and this cost may be prohibitive for many transit agencies. Given these challenges, whether the bike-on-transit option will ever become a mainstream solution for urban transportation remains to be seen.

Bike to Transit

Bike to Transit was generally the second most popular, but it has many of the same limitations in flexibility as the automobile park-n-ride model. Transit needs to get you very close to your ultimate destination to be attractive, and on a regional or express route, that’s hard. It also assumes that you will end up back at the station you started from by the end of the day, limiting the possible trips you might take. However, there are some advantages that bike-to-transit has over park-n-ride.


For one, it is usually cheaper to park a bike at a transit station than to park a car. In addition, bikes take up less space than cars, so they can usually be accommodated even when parking is limited. And finally, biking to transit can help to reduce traffic congestion and air pollution.

Two Bikes 

The Dutch have been using bikes for transportation for decades, which is a cheap and easy way to get around. However, the two Bikes model has some limitations. First, it only works if the customer is going to the same place over and over again. This is not very practical for people who need to go to different locations regularly.

Second, it requires secure storage areas for the bikes, or they will be stolen. Finally, this system often results in many orphaned bikes, which are abandoned at the endpoint when the customer no longer needs them. Despite these limitations, the Two Bikes system is still a popular way to get around in the Netherlands.

While many people see bicycles as a fun hobby or a leisurely way to get some exercise, others rely on them as their primary mode of transportation. For bicycles to be a viable option for those who cannot or choose not to drive, they need to be just as reliable as cars. This means having a safe place to store them, counting on a bike available when you need it, and knowing that the bike will still be there when you’re ready to leave.

Shared Bikes

In recent years, shared bike schemes have become possible due to advances in wireless communications and the proliferation of ubiquitous payment/identity cards. I believe that one of the best potential applications for these shared bikes is solving the Last Mile problem.


The Dutch national railway has had success recently with its rapidly expanding OV-Fiets system, which aims to reduce the pain of bike parking in city centers and attract riders away from driving. Similarly, Guangzhou in China has been working to integrate shared bikes with their new bus rapid transit (BRT) system on a massive scale. However, focus group participants have not been very enthusiastic about this option due largely to their strong attachment to their bicycles.

Shared bike schemes have great potential for solving the Last Mile problem. Still, it will be essential to consider potential users’ preferences when designing and implementing these systems.

Shared Bikes
Shared Bikes

At the same time, this may seem like a tall order, but creating a transportation system that meets these requirements is possible. By investing in bike infrastructure and working to increase bike accessibility, we can make bicycles a realistic option for everyone.

In the past few years, there has been a growing movement to get people out of their cars and onto public transportation or active modes of travel such as biking or walking. This shift is driven by several factors, including concerns about climate change, traffic congestion, and the health impacts of sedentary lifestyles.

However, this transition will not be easy, especially in suburban areas designed specifically for car travel. Suburbs are often sprawling and lack the critical density for public transportation to be efficient.

They also tend to have wide streets and lack pedestrian-friendly features such as sidewalks and crosswalks. As a result, getting people out of their cars in the suburbs is likely to be a challenge.


However, it is essential to make this transition to reduce our reliance on automobiles and improve our overall health and wellbeing.

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Beginners Guides

Flat Iron Bike Acquires Domain




Flat Iron Bike, a top source for cycling-related information, has disclosed its acquisition of the domain. This site is committed to delivering extensive cycling information for both beginner and seasoned riders.

Flat Iron Bike’s articles on the website cover topics such as choosing the right bike, learning how to ride safely, and getting the most out of your cycling experience. With its extensive coverage of all things cycling, Flat Iron Bike is poised to become the go-to source for anyone looking for information on this popular pastime.

Looking for the best cycling information? Look no further than! We’ve got the latest reviews, advice, competitions, and news, all in one place. Whether you’re a beginner or a seasoned pro, we’ve got something for everyone.

At, we love nothing more than helping people get out on the open road. We believe that cycling is one of the most efficient and enjoyable ways to travel, and we’re passionate about promoting it however we can.

That’s why we’ve filled our website with all the information and advice you could need to make the most of your cycling experience. And if you’re looking for a great deal on a new bike or gear, we update it regularly with the best offers from around the web, so you’re sure to find what you’re looking for. So whether you’re looking for information, advice, or just some great deals, be sure to check out!

Bicycling is a great way to get outside and get moving. It’s a low-impact activity that is easy on the joints, and it’s also a great way to explore the world around you. When you’re on a bike, you can go places you can’t go on foot, and you can see things you wouldn’t otherwise see. bicycling is also a great way to meet new people and make new friends.


There are many different types of bicycle clubs, groups, and events where people of all ages and abilities can come together and enjoy the sport. Whether you’re looking for a leisurely ride or a challenging workout, bicycling has something to offer everyone.

Zane our bicyclist in chief (or Editor in Chief) comments on this latest acquisition of the domain.


Editor-in-chief Zane comments on the latest acquisition of the domain. She is pleased with the new development as it will help to raise the profile of the organization and attract new readers. The website will also provide a valuable resource for existing members, providing information on events, rides, and news.

Enjoy Cycling

I have many hobbies, but my favorite is definitely cycling. I love being outdoors, and there’s something about the wind in my hair and the sun on my face that just feels freeing. It’s also a great workout, and I always feel so accomplished after a long ride.

But beyond the physical benefits, I also enjoy the social aspect of cycling. I often go on rides with friends, and we spend the time chatting and enjoying each other’s company. It’s a great way to bond and create lasting memories. So if you’re looking for a hobby that’s good for your health and your relationships, give cycling a try!

Where is the perfect place to go cycling? It depends on what you’re looking for. If you want to find a place where you can ride without worrying about traffic or destruction, then a park or housing area might be a good option.


On the other hand, if you’re looking for a place with good roads and few hills, then a more urban setting might be better. Whichever option you choose, there are many benefits to cycling that make it worth pedaling around. For example, cycling is an excellent form of exercise that can help improve your fitness and mental health.

Additionally, riding a bike instead of driving can help reduce pollution and ease congestion on our roads. So next time you’re looking for somewhere to go for a ride, remember that there are many great benefits to cycling- wherever you choose to do it.

Cycling is a low-impact cardio exercise that has many benefits for the body and mind. It’s a great way to get the heart pumping without putting too much stress on the joints. Cycling is also a great way to get some fresh air and stimulate the senses.

When you’re cycling, you’re also engaging your mind as you navigate your surroundings. And, unlike swimming or running, you can carry on a conversation with a fellow cyclist. All of these factors make cycling a great physical activity for people of all ages and abilities.


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About us

We are a passionate team driven by the belief that cycling is a fantastic and accessible way to stay active while enjoying the beauty of the outdoors. Our mission is to share our love for cycling with as many people as possible. We provide a welcoming environment for individuals of all ages, abilities, and backgrounds to come together and ride bikes. With Ralf’s visionary leadership, Zane’s expertise in cycling adventures, and Olivia’s dedication to community building, we strive to create a vibrant space where everyone can experience the joy of cycling. Through group rides, workshops, and inclusive events, we inspire and empower individuals to embrace an active lifestyle. Join us in our quest to pedal together, embrace the joy of cycling, and foster connections that last a lifetime.